About 8.2 Million People Moved Between States in 2022, According to U.S. Census Bureau | Trade and Industry Development

About 8.2 Million People Moved Between States in 2022, According to U.S. Census Bureau

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Nov 27, 2023
Number and Percentage of State-to-State Movers Increased Between 2021 and 2022

The number of people who moved between states rose from nearly 7.9 million people in 2021 to approximately 8.2 million people in 2022, according to newly released U.S. Census Bureau estimates.

The American Community Survey (ACS) shows state-to-state movers also made up a larger share of all movers between 2021 and 2022, increasing from 18.8% to 19.9%.

Inmigration rates — the number of people moving into a state as a share of that state’s total number of movers — were higher than the national state-to-state migration rate of 19.9% for states concentrated in the South and West.

This increase in the number and share of state-to-state movers continued a decade-long trend of rising state-to-state migration even as overall migration has declined. Between 2021 and 2022, the overall national migration rate – the number of movers in the United States relative to the population age 1 year and over – dropped from 12.8% to 12.6%.

The Census Bureau regularly publishes estimates of state-to-state migration flows. Estimates are based on 1-year data from the 2022 ACS. The ACS asks respondents who moved in the past year to report their previous place of residence, allowing us to assess migration between origin and destination geographies.

By examining state-to-state migration patterns, we can better understand resources needed in response to changes in states’ demographic, social and economic profiles.

Inmigration Rates

Inmigration rates — the number of people moving into a state as a share of that state’s total number of movers — were higher than the national state-to-state migration rate of 19.9% for states concentrated in the South and West.

The District of Columbia had one of the highest (44.3%) inmigration rates. Most (13,093) people moving into the District of Columbia arrived from neighboring Maryland.

California had the lowest (11.1%) inmigration rate. Despite a relatively large number of in-movers, California also had a relatively large base of movers overall, helping to explain the state’s low inmigration rate. Most (44,279) people moving to California arrived from Texas.

Outmigration Rates

Outmigration rates — the number of people moving out of a state as a share of that state’s total number of movers — tended to be higher than the national state-to-state migration rate for states in the Northeast and West.

The District of Columbia had the highest (46.6%) outmigration rate, with most people moving to neighboring Maryland (17,770) or Virginia (13,582).

Texas had the country's lowest (11.7%) outmigration rate, with most of those who did move relocating to California (42,479) or Florida (38,207).

Notable State-to-State Migration Flows

Some of the largest state-to-state migration flows in 2022 involved people moving to and from highly populated states. The two largest flows, which were not statistically different from each other in size, came either to or from the four most populous states: large numbers of people moved from California to Texas and from New York to Florida.

Other large state-to-state migration flows involved people moving from highly populated to neighboring states. For example, many people moved from New York, the fourth most populous state, to New Jersey.

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