Texas is accustomed to being #1. Month after month, the Lone Star State tops business rankings for business climate, job growth and growing communities. In a national economy still recovering from a recession, Texas has forged ahead of the pack as a result of a superior business climate, ranking as the “Best State for Business” by Chief Executive magazine for the eighth straight year in 2012. It’s no wonder that no other state is home to more Fortune 1000 headquarters than Texas.
A key ingredient to Texas’ success is a comprehensive job creation strategy focused on six key industry clusters: advanced technology and manufacturing; aerospace, aviation and defense; biotechnology and life sciences; information and computer technology; petroleum refining and chemical products; and energy. As a result of focusing state economic development efforts in these areas, Texas has experienced robust job growth. In the last 10 years, Texas has generated nearly 1.4 million new jobs -- more than three times the number of any other state. Texas’ climate of success and prosperity has led thousands of companies to move to the state, stay in the state and grow in the state. From corporate giants to rising stars, businesses and jobs are flocking to the Lone Star State.
Advanced Technology and Manufacturing
Caterpillar Inc. has a workforce of 3,000 strong in Texas. With locations spread across the state, two of the company’s largest plants are a direct outcome of the Texas Enterprise Fund (TEF), the largest deal-closing fund of its kind in the nation. In August 2012, Caterpillar celebrated the grand opening of its new hydraulic excavator manufacturing plant in Victoria, a TEF project that will generate $200 million in capital investment.
Texas has been a global leader in the semiconductor industry since the 1950s, with the invention of the integrated circuit by Texas Instruments. In recent years, the state has solidified its position as an industry leader by attracting advanced technology companies to the state through the TEF. In August 2012, TEF award recipient Samsung committed to an additional investment of up to $4 billion to upgrade its Austin chip manufacturing plant, bringing the company’s total investment in the Lone Star State to more than $13 billion.
Aerospace, Aviation and Defense
Aerospace innovation that began with NASA continues to evolve in Texas as commercialized space exploration becomes a dominant force in the industry. In July 2012, XCOR announced the creation of its new Commercial Space Research and Development Center headquarters at the Midland International Airport. XCOR develops and produces reusable launch vehicles, rocket engines and rocket propulsion systems, and will create 100 jobs at the new facility focusing on development of the Lynx, the company's next-generation reusable launch vehicle.
Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX), which designs and manufactures advanced rockets and space capsules, made headlines in 2012 when its Dragon spacecraft became the first commercial vehicle to successfully attach to the International Space Station. Texas is a major player in the commercial aerospace innovator’s operations – McGregor, Texas, is home to the company’s rocket development facility where all rocket engine testing is conducted for SpaceX.
Biotech and Life Sciences
Innovative and growing biotechnology companies are consistently choosing Texas as the prime location to expand their businesses. In recent years, Spanish pharmaceuticals firm Grifols selected Texas for a new plasma testing laboratory and fractionation plant. Hanger Orthopedic Group, an orthotic and prosthetic services firm, relocated its headquarters to Austin. In San Antonio, Medtronic located a major expansion of its diabetes division, while Becton, Dickinson & Co. established its global professional services headquarters. A significant number of top global biotechnology companies have research or manufacturing operations in Texas, including Novartis, Abbott and Life Technologies.
The Texas A&M University System landed a major federal biosecurity contract in June 2012, after a two-year rigorous and competitive application process. With an initial investment of $176.6 million from the U.S. Government, Texas A&M will develop one of only three Centers for Innovation in Advanced Development and Manufacturing in the United States. The purpose of the Center is to bolster the country’s emergency preparedness against emerging infectious diseases, such as pandemic influenza, and chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear threats.
Information and Computer Technology
Apple and Facebook are two of the most globally recognized information and computer technology companies in the world, and both have expanded major operations in Texas as the result of the Texas Enterprise Fund. Facebook opened its Austin office in May 2010 and doubled the facility’s size in October 2011. The Austin office represents Facebook's first major U.S. expansion and is its largest operations office in North America outside of its California headquarters.
Apple is investing $304 million in a new campus in Austin that will create over 3,600 jobs. The campus will more than double the size of Apple's workforce in Texas over the next decade, supporting the company's growing operations in the Americas with expanded customer support, sales and accounting functions for the region.
Petroleum Refining and Chemical Products
The largest single capital investment commitment for a TEF project in Texas is a multi-year refinery expansion by Motiva that began in 2006. Saudi Refining, Inc. (a subsidiary of Saudi Arabia's Saudi Aramco) and Shell Oil Company (an affiliate of the Netherlands' Royal Dutch Shell) completed its joint-venture project in May 2012, making the Motiva Enterprises Texas Gulf Coast refinery the largest refinery in the nation. Located in Port Arthur, Texas, the project will create more than 300 new permanent jobs by the end of 2012.
The natural gas production industry is booming in Texas, due in large part to the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas. Drilling activity, extraction and production in the shale have expanded rapidly since the first well of the current Eagle Ford boom was drilled in 2008. That year, only 26 permits were issued for drilling in the shale, while 2,347 drilling permits were issued in just the first 10 months of 2011. Fortune 500 oilfield services company Baker Hughes is headquartered in Houston and plays a critical role in the Eagle Ford Shale. Its drilling units have worked on 97 percent of the wells in the shale and the company invested $30 million last year to open a new operations center outside of San Antonio. The facility was constructed specifically to support the deluge of activity in the Eagle Ford Shale.
From natural gas drilling and oil refining to commercial space innovation and semiconductor manufacturing, Texas is a land of opportunity no matter what the industry. Caterpillar, Samsung, Apple, and ExxonMobil are just a few of the global businesses that have laid down roots in Texas soil and reaped the benefits of an award-winning business climate. Cultivated by a culture of growth and prosperity, these companies and thousands more understand that Texas really is “Wide Open for Business” and committed to their success.